Egypt’s Imperialist Policy against Sudan and Ethiopia traced back to 7th Century: Since their conversion to Islam, Egypt’s Intent has been a mere IMPERIALISM. Lately they whitewashed it using the “Historical Right” metaphor!
It has never been about equitable share of the resource while Egypt consistently professed itself willing to got to war over the issue. Nina Ninkovic is a water security expert at the Geneva School of Diplomacy who wrote a thorough analysis on theglobalist.com. She underlines that the current tensions between Egypt and Sudan, its neighbor to the south, are merely a continuation of a two thousand year-old struggle over who will control the regions scarce water resources. The ICE Case Study, “Nile River Dispute” discuss the imperialist intent of Egypt over the issue as follows:
“….Several times throughout history, Egyptians have tried to unify the Nile valley under their rule by conquering the Sudan. The lands to the south of them that bordered the river were in constant danger. The Sudan was invaded during the reign of Queen Sheba, during the Roman rule of Nero, and countless other times. This is because the Egyptians have always feared that one day the Nile’s waters would no longer reach their country. People believed, that since the flow of the Nile was so unpredictable, something had to have been affecting it. A legend says that during one particularly bad famine in Egypt, the Egyptian Sultan sent his ambassadors to the king of Ethiopia in order to plead with him not the obstruct the waters. A Scottish traveler in the 18th century recounted a story that the King of Ethiopia had sent a letter to the pasha in 1704 threatening to cut off the water. Given this fear it is quite natural that the Nile countries desire to secure their water supplies.” (for detailed analysis please see www1.american.edu).
The concluding remark by Ninkovic implies that despite past injustices, Ethiopia must realize that in fragile security systems, its destiny is tied to others, and also suggest that a more sustainable solution would be to put more effort in engaging other countries dependent on the Nile: Nile water issues transcend politics and are deeply rooted in history, religion and identity. However, since the launch of the Nile Basin Initiative of 1999, Ethiopia has been following paved the way for a sustainable solution by engaging all the basin countries and demanding an equitable share, which is also the primary objective of both the Helsinki Agreement of 1966 and the United Nations Convention on the Law of Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses. The effort predominantly lead by Ethiopia for a decade failed to resolve the conflict, against all the agreements and UN Convention, Egypt and Sudan claimed “historic rights” over the river, while the upstream states claiming for equitable shares. What is covered under this “historical rights” metaphor is the 1,400 years old Imperialist intent of Egypt. For those who are naive to doubt this fact, “if this is not Imperialism, there is no such a thing!!!”