It is an imbalance in the production of social sciences across societies and the resultant division of labour between the producers and consumers of such knowledge. The imbalance reveals the vertical and unidirectional flow of knowledge and information from the core to the periphery and the absence of communication among social scientists that belong to the former. Academic Neocolonialism to the global division of labour comes in three forms:
1) the division between theoretical and empirical intellectual labour;
2) the division between other country studies and own country studies; and
3) the division between comparative and single case studies.