4. Literacy and Objectivism: Understanding knowledge as Static.

Here the connection with literacy and static visual experience as opposed to the dynamism of hearing seems obvious. But in fact, the connection is more subtle and more profound, since, as we have seen, although vision can be understood statically, whereas hearing cannot, visual experience is by no means always static. There is much dynamism … Continue reading 4. Literacy and Objectivism: Understanding knowledge as Static.

3. Literacy and Objectivism: the Dualistic Nature of Knowledge

The third feature of objectivist accounts of knowledge mentioned above is that they are dualistic. This is the case in two senses: first, in that they understand knowledge in terms of a subject-object dichotomy; and second, in that they (at least tacitly) understand the knower as a disincarnate mind. Both of these are associated with … Continue reading 3. Literacy and Objectivism: the Dualistic Nature of Knowledge

2. Literacy and Objectivism: Abstraction through Disabling Contexts

Objectivism tends to conceive of knowledge as abstracted from context. As with the capacity to think impersonally, this ability to understand knowledge abstractly is dependent on literacy. We have seen that oral cultures, for a variety of reasons, must locate knowledge in the context of narratives, formulaic sayings, and so on. Only with writing (and … Continue reading 2. Literacy and Objectivism: Abstraction through Disabling Contexts

1. Literacy and Objectivism: Understanding Human Knowledge in Impersonal terms.

Objectivism attempts to understand human knowledge in impersonal terms. One of the most important features of literacy is that it allows people to think impersonally. As we have seen, oral people inevitably understand the world in personal terms, since for them communication is always tied to an actually existent, and present, person. Writing dissolves the … Continue reading 1. Literacy and Objectivism: Understanding Human Knowledge in Impersonal terms.

Printing is the final step necessary for the complete triumph of a literate mentality

The decontextualization brought about by literacy can be an important factor in bringing about an objectivist orientation. It makes reading material readily available, thus encouraging universal literacy and more general use of literate artifacts. This in turn can allow greater accumulation of information through such things as encyclopedias. The accumulation of information made possible by … Continue reading Printing is the final step necessary for the complete triumph of a literate mentality

Printing is the final step necessary for the complete triumph of a literate mentality

The decontextualization brought about by literacy can be an important factor in bringing about an objectivist orientation. It makes reading material readily available, thus encouraging universal literacy and more general use of literate artifacts. This in turn can allow greater accumulation of information through such things as encyclopedias. The accumulation of information made possible by … Continue reading Printing is the final step necessary for the complete triumph of a literate mentality

Aspects of Literate Consciousness

To understand how literacy restructures thought processes, it will be necessary to examine in more detail different forms of literate and postliterate media of communication. I have already noted that it is a simplification to say that literacy superordinates visual experience over oral/aural experience; the crucial aspect of this superordination is the way a particular … Continue reading Aspects of Literate Consciousness

Aspects of Literate Consciousness

To understand how literacy restructures thought processes, it will be necessary to examine in more detail different forms of literate and postliterate media of communication. I have already noted that it is a simplification to say that literacy superordinates visual experience over oral/aural experience; the crucial aspect of this superordination is the way a particular … Continue reading Aspects of Literate Consciousness

ኢህአዴግ ለእኛ… ስለእኛ… ከእኛ በላይ አውቆ????

ኢህአዴግ "ጥሩነቱን” "ልማታዊ መንግስታችን” እያለ፤ የሌሎችን "እርኩስነት”…”የፀረ-ልማት ሃይሎች” እያለ፤ ክፉውንም፣ በጎዉንም እሱ መርጦልን እንዴት ይችላል?… ’ሌላን ወገን ተጠያቂ ለማድረግ ከመሮጥ የተጣለብንን የመንግስት ኃላፊነት እየተወጣን ነው?’ ብሎ መጠየቅ ይቀድማል።

Scramble of Africa: PROVISIONS RELATIVE TO PROTECTION OF THE NATIVES,…(Article 6)

All the Powers exercising sovereign rights or influence in the a foresaid territories shall, without distinction of creed or nation, protect and favour all religious, scientific or charitable institutions and undertakings #which_aim_at_instructing_the_natives_and_bringing_home_to_them_the_blessings_of_civilization. ***** DONE at Berlin, the 26th day of February, 1885 ******