Engines of Creation: The Rise of the Replicators

The first replicators on Earth evolved abilities beyond those possible to RNA molecules replicating in test tubes. By the time they reached the bacterial stage, they had developed the “modern” system of using DNA, RNA, and ribosomes to construct protein.  Mutations then changed not only the replicating DNA itself, but protein machines and the living … Continue reading Engines of Creation: The Rise of the Replicators

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Engines of Creation: Route Back

The uppermost layers of rock contain bones of recent animals, deeper layers contain bones of animals now extinct. Still earlier layers show no trace of any modern species. Below mammal bones lie dinosaur bones; in older layers lie amphibian bones, then shells and fish bones, and then no bones or shells at all. The oldest … Continue reading Engines of Creation: Route Back

ብሔር እና ቋንቋ

"…የየጐሳ ልጆች ያስመሰለን ታሪካዊ አጋጣሚና በቦታ መወሰን ምክንያት ግማሾቻችን የአንዱን ነገድ ቋንቋ፣ ሌሎቻችን ደግሞ የሌላውን ነገድ ቋንቋ ስለምንናገር ነው። ለምሳሌ፥ ደምቢያን (ጎንደርን) እና ጎጃምን የወሰዱ ኦሮሞዎች የልጆቻቸው ቋንቋ አማርኛ ሆኗል፤ አማራ መስለዋል። የአርሲ ሕዝብ ከግማሽ በላይ የሐድያ ትውልድ ሆኖ ሳለ ቋንቋው ኦሮምኛ ሆኗል፤ ኦሮሞ መስሏል።…የምንናገረው ቋንቋን ተከትለን ኢትዮጲያ ውስጥ የተፈፀሙትን ድርጊቶች ያንዱ ወይም የሌላው ቋንቋ … Continue reading ብሔር እና ቋንቋ

How #ETHIOPIA ended up with the magnificent palaces and gorgeous temples of the AXUMITE CIVILIZATION: Despotism of custom – the standing hindrance to human advancement! …Consistent from CHINESE to EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION

The despotism of custom is everywhere the standing hindrance to human advancement, being in unceasing antagonism to that disposition to aim at something better than customary, which is called, according to circumstances, the spirit of liberty, or that of progress or improvement. The spirit of improvement is not always a spirit of liberty, for it … Continue reading How #ETHIOPIA ended up with the magnificent palaces and gorgeous temples of the AXUMITE CIVILIZATION: Despotism of custom – the standing hindrance to human advancement! …Consistent from CHINESE to EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION