‘It’s life and death’: how the growth of Addis Ababa has sparked ethnic tensions

The most likely scenario, as so often is the case, is that some kind of middle way will be found... The “Africa rising” narrative does not fit this messy reality – but nor does its pessimistic opposite. Addis Ababa, like Ethiopia as a whole, has always charted its own path, confounding predictions and confusing pundits. This is unlikely to change now. There will doubtlessly be further waves of unrest, and detentions, repression and deaths. There will be some minor concessions from the authorities. Economic growth may slow. But it does not feel like the revolution is just around the corner.

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Ethiopia’s Cruel Con Game

In what could be an important test of the Trump Administration’s attitude toward foreign aid, the new United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres, and UN aid chief Stephen O'Brien have called on the international community to give the Ethiopian government another $948 million to assist a reported 5.6 million people facing starvation. Speaking in the Ethiopian … Continue reading Ethiopia’s Cruel Con Game

ኢህአዴግ፡ ከለውጥ እና ከሞት አንዱን ምረጥ!

ለከፍተኛ ትምህርት ተቋማት ማህብረሰብ ሊሰጥ የታቀደው ስልጠና ዛሬ ላይ ተጀምሯል። ለስልጠናዉ ከተዘጋጁ ሰነዶች ውስጥ የመጀመሪያው “የሩብ ምዕተ ዓመታት የልማት፣ ሰላምና ዴሞክራሲያዊ ስርዓት ግንባታ ጉዞ…” የሚል ርዕስ ተሰጥቶታል። በመረሃ-ግብሩ መሰረት ጠዋት ላይ በአሰልጣኞቹ ገለፃ ሲሰጥ እንደተለመደው በአሰልጣኝነት የተመደቡት የመንግስት ኃላፊዎች ለታዳሚው የሚመጥን ስልጣና ለመስጠት የአቅምና ክህሎት ችግር እንዳለባቸው በግልፅ ያስታውቃል። ይህ ግን ላለፉት አስር አመታት የታዘብኩት … Continue reading ኢህአዴግ፡ ከለውጥ እና ከሞት አንዱን ምረጥ!

ልማት የሕዝብ ነው፣ መንግስት ጥገኛ ነው

አብዛኞቹ የኢህአዴግ ባለስልጣናት በሀገሪቱ ታይቶ የማይታወቅ ልማትና እድገት እያስመዘገቡ እንደሆነ ያስባሉ። ነገር ግን፣ እነሱ እንደሚሉት በሀገሪቱ ታይቶ የማይታወቅ ልማትና እድገት እያስመዘገቡ አይደለም። ይሄን ያልኩበት ምክንያት “ኢህአዴግ ልማት አምጥቷል/አላመጣም” ወደሚለው ጉንጭ-አልፋ ክርክር ለመግባት ፈልጌ አይደለም። የኢህአዴግ መንግስት ብቻ ሳይሆን በአጠቃላይ ሁሉም መንግስታት በራሳቸው የልማትና እድገት ምንጭ ሊሆኑ አይችሉም። ምክንያቱም መንግስት በሀገር ልማትና እድገት ውስጥ ከደጋፊነት የዘለለ … Continue reading ልማት የሕዝብ ነው፣ መንግስት ጥገኛ ነው

አመፅ የማን ልጅ ነው፡ የልማት ወይስ የአምባገነንነት?

በተለያዩ አከባቢዎች አመፅና ተቃውሞ ሲነሳ አንዳንድ የኢህአዴግ ባለስልጣናት የሀገሪቱ ልማት ያስከተለው ችግር እንደሆነ ሲናገሩ ይደመጣል። በእርግጥ የሀገር ልማት ለአመፅና አለመረጋጋት መንስዔ ሊሆን ይችላል? አመፅ የልማት ወይስ አምባገነንነት ተግባር ውጤት ነው? በዚህ ፅሁፍ እነዚህንና ሌሎች ተያያዥ ጥያቄዎችን በዝርዝር እንመለከታለን። በቅድሚያ ልማት ምንድነው የሚለውን በአጭሩ መመልከት ያስፈልጋል። ልማትን “ሰላም፥ ጤና፥ ትምህርት እና መሰረተ-ልማት” በማለት በአጭሩ መግለፅ ይቻላል። … Continue reading አመፅ የማን ልጅ ነው፡ የልማት ወይስ የአምባገነንነት?

Social Origins of Democracy: Rise of commerce creates urban power centers

The growth of commerce stimulated the liberation of cities from feudal control. The cities were more democratic than the countryside. Though they began as humble enclaves in a feudal world, the towns began to assume the proportions of a challenger and a competitor, helping to sustain governments and competing in their interests with the feudal … Continue reading Social Origins of Democracy: Rise of commerce creates urban power centers

Social Origins of Democracy: Power shifts from land to money

The rise of a money economy sounded the death knell of feudalism. "Feudal customs and practices completely decayed by 1500. Personal unfreedom and the status of villeinage were eradicated by 1640." Land, the basis of power in the medieval period, lost its importance. It took centuries for this process to reach completion. But the seeds … Continue reading Social Origins of Democracy: Power shifts from land to money

Social Origins of Democracy: Origins of Democracy in England

The fall of the Roman Empire in the West (476 A.D) and barbarian invasions that followed marked the beginning of the Middle Ages in England. Feudalism and Catholicism spread as remedies for the resulting insecurity, fear and poverty. In the absence of a strong protective government, people surrendered their lands and labor to local warlords … Continue reading Social Origins of Democracy: Origins of Democracy in England

Social Origins of Democracy: The Rise of political institutions in Italy

Centuries of relative physical security and stability under the feudal system led to the re-emergence of long suppressed human energies and aspirations. The feudal system maintained a delicate balance between the rights and power of feudal lords and those of the central monarch. The growth of guild crafts and trade created new centers of wealth … Continue reading Social Origins of Democracy: The Rise of political institutions in Italy

Social Origins of Democracy: Historical Origins of Democracy

The genesis of democracy can be traced back to the Greek city-state of Athens. The democratic idea of a government responsible to the governed, of trial by jury and of civil liberties of thought, speech, writing and worship have been stimulated by Greek history. Emphasis on liberty and the studies related to man were the … Continue reading Social Origins of Democracy: Historical Origins of Democracy