Ethiopia was colonised!

We kept the imperialists at bay, but it wasn’t enough. By Mastewal Taddese Like many African countries that were colonised by the British, Ethiopia’s educational system strongly privileges the English language. I learnt this first hand going through school in the capital Addis Ababa. Along with my classmates across the vast country, I was taught in my … Continue reading Ethiopia was colonised!

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ሀገር ማለት ነፃነት ነው!

ድሮ – ድሮ “ሀገር ማለት መሬት ነው” ይባል ነበር። ቀጠለና “ሀገር ማለት ሰው ነው” የሚለው መጣ። ባለፈው ሳምንት “ሀገር ማለት ትዝታ ነው” የሚል ፅሁፍ በወጣ በማግስቱ “ሀገር ማለት አስተሳሰብ ነው” የሚል ሌላ ፅሁፍ በማህበራዊ ድረገፅ ላይ ተለጥፎ አነበብኩኝ። ነገሩ ገርሞኝ ሌሎች ፅሁፎችን ሳፈላልግ፤ “ሀገር ማለት እናት ናት”፣ “ሀገር ማለት ሕገ-መንግስት ነው”፣ እና አንዳንድ ጭራሽ ግራ … Continue reading ሀገር ማለት ነፃነት ነው!

JUSTPEACEthrough Feminist Epistemology: Emancipatory Politics through Feminist Practice

A feminist-driven understanding of practice provides us with tools for pursuing emancipatory, rather than oppressive politics. It does so by enabling us to do the following: expose silences and bring our attention to marginalized voices; use self-reflexivity to critically examine our assumptions, “truths,” or possibly oppressive practices, and listen empathetically to others while putting our … Continue reading JUSTPEACEthrough Feminist Epistemology: Emancipatory Politics through Feminist Practice

5. Literacy and Objectivism: Ignoring the Communal Context of Knowledge.

In terms of the consequences of literacy, this is to some extent another example of the general decontextualization of knowledge that can take place. But literacy does have additional effects that can much more specifically result in highly individualistic orientations and self-understandings. To give just one example, the breaking of the word’s connection with other … Continue reading 5. Literacy and Objectivism: Ignoring the Communal Context of Knowledge.

4. Literacy and Objectivism: Understanding knowledge as Static.

Here the connection with literacy and static visual experience as opposed to the dynamism of hearing seems obvious. But in fact, the connection is more subtle and more profound, since, as we have seen, although vision can be understood statically, whereas hearing cannot, visual experience is by no means always static. There is much dynamism … Continue reading 4. Literacy and Objectivism: Understanding knowledge as Static.

3. Literacy and Objectivism: the Dualistic Nature of Knowledge

The third feature of objectivist accounts of knowledge mentioned above is that they are dualistic. This is the case in two senses: first, in that they understand knowledge in terms of a subject-object dichotomy; and second, in that they (at least tacitly) understand the knower as a disincarnate mind. Both of these are associated with … Continue reading 3. Literacy and Objectivism: the Dualistic Nature of Knowledge

2. Literacy and Objectivism: Abstraction through Disabling Contexts

Objectivism tends to conceive of knowledge as abstracted from context. As with the capacity to think impersonally, this ability to understand knowledge abstractly is dependent on literacy. We have seen that oral cultures, for a variety of reasons, must locate knowledge in the context of narratives, formulaic sayings, and so on. Only with writing (and … Continue reading 2. Literacy and Objectivism: Abstraction through Disabling Contexts

1. Literacy and Objectivism: Understanding Human Knowledge in Impersonal terms.

Objectivism attempts to understand human knowledge in impersonal terms. One of the most important features of literacy is that it allows people to think impersonally. As we have seen, oral people inevitably understand the world in personal terms, since for them communication is always tied to an actually existent, and present, person. Writing dissolves the … Continue reading 1. Literacy and Objectivism: Understanding Human Knowledge in Impersonal terms.

Printing is the final step necessary for the complete triumph of a literate mentality

The decontextualization brought about by literacy can be an important factor in bringing about an objectivist orientation. It makes reading material readily available, thus encouraging universal literacy and more general use of literate artifacts. This in turn can allow greater accumulation of information through such things as encyclopedias. The accumulation of information made possible by … Continue reading Printing is the final step necessary for the complete triumph of a literate mentality

Printing is the final step necessary for the complete triumph of a literate mentality

The decontextualization brought about by literacy can be an important factor in bringing about an objectivist orientation. It makes reading material readily available, thus encouraging universal literacy and more general use of literate artifacts. This in turn can allow greater accumulation of information through such things as encyclopedias. The accumulation of information made possible by … Continue reading Printing is the final step necessary for the complete triumph of a literate mentality